The day you got the result out of your pre medical test you thought your toughest battle was over! Alas how wrong you were. That day was simply a beginning to several new battles to come. But you moved forth with enthusiasm. First year, Second year,Third Year and then Fourth year. The competition got tougher and still you moved forth. Finally you achieved the milestone that you dreamt of once– the prestigious MBBS!
The day you got the result out of your pre medical test you thought your toughest battle was over! Alas how wrong you were. That day was simply a beginning to several new battles to come.

The euphoria ended and now you are standing again with the huge doors of PG entrance in front of you, all confused, what to do, what not to do. Am I right? All confused you seek for some help and knock the doors of xyz senior, xyz  faculty etc. etc. and still you are left with so many questions unanswered.

So here my friend let me help you through it. Come now, lets take a closer view for PG preparation. And towards the end of your reading I promise your doubts would be solved and you would once again feel enthusiastic about your preparations.


Sir Arthur Conan Doyle once said “It is easy to be wise AFTER the event”.

The percentage of people getting a seat in First attempt is very low 2 % but people getting in the Second attempt is more than 80 % (Community, Institute and In Service Quota excluded). This 2 % – 80 % is not only because one reads all the recommended books in one year. It is also because one learns the skill of the exam – the technique of what to do, how to do and what not to do after a year of attempting entrance exams!!


To start with, Remember The strategy for PG Preparation involves three vital questions

  1. What to do
  2. How to do that
  3. What NOT to do

This following sections are neither to show you the the basics of pharmacology or psychiatry nor are they to abide with the subtleties of Acid Base Balance or Indications of Jejunal Biopsy

This little article is expected to impart to you the basics of attempting Objective Questions – something you few may even know now yet huge numbers of you should learn independent by yourselves if you attempt exams for one year. To put it in a nut shell you may gain one year in just 15 minutes.

Do just three important things

The entire art of Preparation can be summed in three simple steps

  1. 1st– Set a target
  2. 2nd– Know the resources and the
  3. 3rd– Go and hug your dream!!!!

Decide your Goals!

“Well started is half done". This initial step, when appropriately executed will make your activity significantly less demanding. So you need to take a seat and make a reasonable arrangement about the exam (or exams) you intend to take. Your job can be made much simpler when you answer these questions

  1. Do you want a rank in All India (NEET/DNB)?
  2. Do you want a rank in your State PG?
  3. Do you want a rank in another State PG also? (when you are eligible for that)
  4. Are you planning to attempt exams for Institutes like JIPMER, AIIMS, PGI –Chandigarh , CMC Vellore etc?
  5. Are you intending to enter into service by UPSC or State PG or other exams?
  6. Are you planning to fly abroad by tackling PLAB and USMLE?

You can pick at least one among choices 1 to 5, or you can pick 6 alone yet in the event that you have picked choice 6 in addition to any of the other five, your technique needs reevaluating. Before continuing further on the Indian Exams, I would strongly encourage you to pick amongst Indian and Foreign exams at the initial step itself and PLAN FOR ANY ONE. In the event that you pursue a solitary rabbit, you can would like to get it. Be that as it may, on the off chance that you pursue two rabbits in the meantime, it is sure that you will miss both. So choose about this progression in the early part itself. You can plan for at least two Indian exams, and get positions in both, yet to get ready for Andhra PG and PLAB in the meantime or to get ready for AIIMS and USMLE in the meantime is catastrophe.

If you are of the idea that you will initially attempt AIIMS twice for one year, your State PG for one more year and later will try for PLAB when you don’t get a rank in these, you are in serious trouble. Clearing PLAB can get less demanding, yet with each passing day, getting a good job in a nice clinic in UK is turning into a bad dream. If you are planning to “fly”, you have to start immediately and be the early “bird”. Remember, the early bird gets the best catch.

Know about your Exam and Set a Target

Having planned for your future (reading ECG in AIIMS or fixing bones in JIPMER), you have to do a little research about the exam(s) you have planned.

  1. How many Questions are there?
  2. All India / NEET
  3. JIPMER 250 questions,
  4. AIIMS 200 questions
  5. Are there any negative marks?
  6. All India – 0.25 negative marks and Scaling System in NEET
  7. AIIMS – 0.33 negative marks
  8. JIPMER – no negative marks
  9. Is there more than one type of questions
  10. CMC Vellore has more than one type of questions
  11. Can more than one response be correct?
  12. PGI Chandigarh – more than  one response can be correct
  13. Are there a limited set of portions
  14. TNPSC and UPSC (Civil Services) have limited portions
  15. How many persons may take it?
  16. All India – about 50,000 and NEET around 90000
  17. AIIMS – about 6,000

But this hardly matters since you will be getting the seat only when you get the top ranks!

  1. How many seats are there?
  2. Do you want any specific course for which there is only a limited number of seats?
  3. MS (Ortho),
  4. MD (Paed),
  5. MD (Radio Diag),
  6. MD (Anaes),
  7. Do You want it in one particular institution
  8. Paediatrics in ICH
  9. OG in IOG
  10. JIPMER in ALL India PG Entrance
  11. Are You in Open Competition or any reservation?
  12. Community Reservation
  13. Institute Preference
  14. Service Quota
  15. Does the seat you want come under one or any of the reservation?
  16. All India – No reservation
  17. JIPMER – Community as well as Institute Reservations
  18. In TNPG – Community reservation + Service Quota
  19. What rank you need to score to get a seat of your choice?
  20. What were the usual marks associated with that rank in the previous years?

Discovering answers to the above questions will take under 10 minutes. All you need is the preceding year’s prospectus and a chat with a universitysenior. When you have discovered responses to the above questions, you can choose about the crucial questions. “HOW MUCH DO YOU NEED TO SCORE?”

You now have an idea of how much you have to score. Now we move to the next part “How to reach it”

Reaching your Target

Have a look at the following proverbs

  • “What is worth doing at all is worth doing well”
  • “Fortune favours the brave”
  • “Make hay when the sun shines”
  • “Never put off till tomorrow what can be done today”

Having already set the target, it you currently your turn to reach there. There are a lot of things that decide your small set up for cracking the examinationhowever the foremost necessary factor is time. Your set up can depend upon what proportion time you have got once you begin

  • 1 year – Ideal – You are an opening batsman and you have lots of time
  • 9 months – You can read slowly, but be extra cautious and don’t waste time
  • 6 months – You have to go for a slog over attack
  • 3 months – You have to forget cinema, cricket, TV Serials
  • 1 month – the bare minimum time you need for revision
  • < 1 month – You have no choice but to Omit some subjects and go for your exams

In any case, recollect this isn't a qualifying exam (where a simple pass is sufficient) however a competitive exam (where every marks count) and on the off chance that you are a cricket lover,recall that You are batting second and "Pursuing" your target. Additionally recollect that after you have chosen about your preferred course ("Set" your target), It ought not be "downregulated" For instance, your unique arrangement was joining MD (Paed) at AIIMS. A short time later you surmise that MD (Paed) somewhere else is sufficient. When you later end up happy with DCH, I am worried about the possibility that you will land up in the Waiting list. Be that as it may, you are free and welcome to “upgrade” the target. When you go for the stars, you will in any event arrive in the moon. Before going into the details of the book you have to study, let us discuss few common questions

Should I practice with MCQs – YES

  • There are a couple of critical points regarding preparation with MCQs. Pick a subject and after that a topic and one ought to primarily prepare and discuss it each day.
  • If the same groups also works out MCQs, do not do in the same time
  • First discuss and then go to MCQS.


Take any MCQ book & Take a note book.Note the beginning time in the note and after that Work MCQs one by one without looking into the answers. After you have completed (no less than 50) note the time. Correct your answers with the Standard Text Book or credible MCQs books by trusted authors. Write all the points in which you have done wrong and the relevant points in a similar note below or in the opposite side of the note (You have to refer these points again during your last week revision). Use the same note book for all your MCQs. Try to finish it in time! 


  • Never attempt MCQs before reading the subject at least once
  • It is not needed that you have to read the biggest book from cover to cover, but you should have read the subject at least once – any authentic MCQ books by confided in author with good content & informative explanatory answers.
  • Never note the points in bits of paper while doing the MCQs. Utilize a note book.
  • Never mark the solutions in the MCQ book itself. Write it in a separate note after searching the answer AND RELEVANT POINTS in Standard Text Books
  • Usually questions are not repeated – you will know only that question and answer if you look into the answer
  • Same questions are usually not asked nowadays- but similar questions from that area are often asked
  • This is a practical and MOST important point – You may have been misguided in this aspect by many.
  • There is a chance of printing errors when the book offers solely the answer. Beware – Every question counts in an competitive exam and you may additionally lose your seat with the aid of learning a wrong answer.

I learned with “notes” during my undergraduate days. What to do now? YOUR CHOICE

You can still read your notes – if you had once taken notes regularly and neatly. But you can your self determine – Work out MCQs and if you are able to scoremore than eighty percent with notes – you can continue with your good old notes.

Group Study? YOUR CHOICE

  • If you had earlier studied in groups during your undergraduate days – follow it.
  • If you had studied alone during your undergraduate days – follow it
  • If you used to read in Library during your undergraduate days – follow it
  • If you used to read in your room during your undergraduate days – follow it
  • If you used to read watching TV during your undergraduate days – follow it


Group Discussion?  YES

  • discussion of 2 hours a day will be sufficient initially. ( When you allot extrathan 2 hours the discussion will flow to extra-curricular topics)
  • In the last month, you can discuss up to 3 to 4 hours a day
  • Choose a subject and then a topic and one person discuss it each day
  • If the same group also works out MCQs, don’t do both in the same time
  • First Discuss and then go to MCQs

Should I go to Cities and study in University Library? – No Need

Assumed Advantages by Reading in Cities

  • Some people talk of a “trend” – There is nothing like that.
  • In today’s era of Communication, there is no advantage in city life. All the notifications, current trends can be had from the internet.
  • I Personally feel that this present pattern is a similar one which was 7 to 8 years prior for Entrance Exams after XII Standard – you will get restorative and designing seat just on the off chance that you consider in Cities – Now we know for sure that, that idea was absurd

Disadvantages in Cities

  • Lodging – minimum Rs 8000 per month
  • Food – minimum Rs 4000 per month
  • Other expenses – Rs 3000 per month
  • Water– Hope you are aware of the Water Scarcity in Cities.
  • Travel & Phoning home – Even if you visit your home once a month – Rs 2000.
  • Totally you spend Rs 15000 per month ie Nearly 1,3000 per year for no obvious benefit
  • Note –Petrol Charges not included


Coaching Programs – YES

  • There are a lot of coaching programs and you can enroll in any one of them. And after a long toil at this circuit what I could conclude was that as far as the papers ( ie notes / study materials/question papers / high yield points etc ) are concerned, in majority of cases, it is almost the same as SARP/ PARAS / Bhatia/ Salgunan / PG Plus/ Dharmendra Sharma Crash Course/ MuditKhanna / Tapas-ArunYadav/ Various Pretests etc
  • The notes of the coaching program and the MCQ books are nearlyequa but when you attend the “CLASSROOM” COACHING, it will be beneficial. In fact the only thing that seems as an advantage is the classroom coaching.
  • So if you want any advantage, please don’t look at the previous years “papers” – notes/test explanations – you are going to get those details from the books you normally refer.
  • It is the class room coaching / lectures that you are spending your/your parents’ hard earned Rs 20000 or 30000 in any coaching class
  • So if you are joining make sure that you will be attending all the classes or you can very well read with the standard books.
  • In South India, Kottayam is a good choice

What? How? What not to do Pre, Per and Post Exam

  • Pre Exam – (Before the day of exam)
  • o       Before 1 month
  • o       During the last month
  • o       During the last week
  • o       During the last day
  • Per Exam – (On the Exam day)
  • o       Before you enter the hall
  • o       In the hall
  • Post Exam – (After the Exam day)

As you go through the following section, you may go over specific realities which are Extra Academic and may seem irrelevant or "childish" to you and you may jump at the chance to avoid those. I feel that advices with respect to the MCQs are accessible unreservedly all over the place and it is these "little things" that are underestimated. All things considered, they are imperative and they are given here on the grounds that I know at least one individual who suffered because he/she didn’t complete one of those “trivial” things.

What? How? What not to do 1 month before the exam

  • Plan your time
  • Read But if you are working and have a tight routine You can read more one day and less another day, but don’t skip a day
  • Divide your time available for that day into 3 parts
  • o       Read the Text books first
  • o       Then read the notes
  • o       And work out MCQs
  • These three are to be done daily and it is better if different subjects are done for each
  • What not to be done :Don’t allow a day to pass without reading at least one hour

Planning your time

  • Keep the last 1 month for revision
  • And you ought to spend a Minimum 20 hours per week, and If you can spend more than that it is well and great 
  • Calculate how much time in hours you now have at your disposal. YYou will be astounded to see that you have parcels and bunches of time, yet when you begin to designate it to your subjects that isn't sufficient!!

What? How? What not to do during the last month before the exam

  • If the exam centre is a different place, BOOK Your Tickets for your travel. Remember that you are not the only person appearing for this exam
  • Start Revision
  • Pharmac and Biochem should be revised 2 times and it is better if you start them first
  • o       And topics like Embryology and Nerve Supply in Anatomy, Enzymes and Metabolism in Biochem, General Pharmacology, Culture Media in Micro, Growth and Development in Paediatrics, Fetal Skull and Diameters of Pelvis in OG, Values in SPM are to be studied again and again
  • o       The list given is just to give you an idea about is not exhaustive. In short the topics that “you” easily forget are to be read more than once in the last month
  • What not to be done : Don’t Read any new topics
  • And I think that you are not a child for us to advice you to Skip 3Cs Cricket, Cinema and Celebrations during this last month

What ?, How ?, What not to do during the last week Before the exam

Extra Academic

  • Choose where are you going to remain. Get those facts right now before one week.
  • Check whether you have got your hall ticket. If not communicate to the concerned authorities. Read the subtle elements given in the corridor ticket and the outline ONCE AGAIN.
  • Does the exam requirs pencil, get 2 pencils, an eraser (which does not leave marks on the paper – check it now – not on the appropriate response sheet) and a sharpener.
  • Pack these and the Hall ticket and anything you may require and (in the event that you have an extraordinary dress for exams, as a great many people have – pack that as well) now itself. Keep your excursion (back and forth) ticket alongside these.
  • To look for all these only 1 hour before the beginning of the journey wouldn't benefit your trust in any way. Try not to leave these indispensable things which (may seem immaterial presently, however will possess the entire of your brain , if not properly planned for and) may significantly influence your PERFORMANCE


  • Take an old question paper of the exam you will go to Lock yourself inside a room. Try to finish the paper in the recommended time. Revise the paper with the Standard Text book and not with the key given in the MCQ book itself. Now concentrate on your MISTAKES. They are more important at this stage. You will now know your “Achilles heel”. Don’t repeat it in the exam.
  • Don’t care about the answers you got right. You will get it right again in your exam!!
  • What not to be done : Don’t invest your time to topics like “the question will be tough”,  “the question will be easy!, “the question is out !!”,  “he/she is not here – gone to get the question paper!!!”
  • Listen to only Academic discussions…… If you are preparing with a group, it is smarter  to be separated from the group and become “solitary” in the final week. It may sound peculiar, but this is a practical problem and I have seen most students getting stressed after hearing such kinds of news.

What ?, How ?, What not to do during the last day Before the exam

  • Take rest !! If you have traveled a long distance, try and get a good sleep. Repeat those facts which you find difficult to remember  especially the numeric values, syndromes, investigations etc. Go to bed early

What not to be done : Try to not attempt to read additional points by forswearing your sleep on this specific day in addition to you up-to-date memory (which you may by reading the whole night) for a decent performance you would like certain alternative skills like remote memory, analytical skills, speed, decision making the next say. And to get all these at the zenith is to have a good sleep.

What ?, How ?, What not to do Before you enter the exam hall

  • Get to the exam centre early at least 1 ½ hours before the start of the exam. Check that your number is present in the notice board. A few times 2 schools/universities with indistinguishable names (or a primary school and the branch) will be focuses and the Auto Rickshaw will take you to the other center – for example, KendriyaVidyalaya or SBOA –I was once forced to see many a SBOA School in Chennai just before the start of the exam at the eleventh hour. Get out of the field and wait outside. Check your purses/wallets and ensure that there aren't any bits of papers (which you would possibly have kept long time back) within that may produce issues with a checking squad

What not to be done : Avoid reading at this time (Easier said than done). Don’t discuss any question. When some one asks you a question and if you can’t answer you may be depressed

What ?, How ?, What not to do Inside the exam hall

  • First Write your register number taking a gander at it from the Hall ticket (and not from your memory – anyway great your memory is) and after that shade likewise
  • Then shade the Question Paper Code, if any. If there any other paper work do it. Read the instructions in the question paper / answer paper. What not to be done : Don't leave the essential infomation like register number questions paper code blank and begin with the questions immediately. You may commit a mistake (which might be fatal) when you shade these things later "in a rush"
  • Mark the answers in the Q.Paper as you read the questions. When you have completed a batch of 25 (or 50) quesitons transform the answers to the answer sheet

What not to be done : Don’t try to read the entire question paper once again and then mark the answers

What ?, How ?, What not to do Inside the exam hall for Clinical Questions

  • Read the question once clearly, while not skipping any factor and then mark by the aspect the factors like age, sex, complaints, Symptoms – period, Signs and Investigation and follow a similar Approach you probably did in your Final Year Exams.  In 90 % of the cases, you will arrive at an answer. But the conditions are an endless list and undoubtedly won't be restricted to Mitral Stenosis, Hemipleiga, VSD, Prolapse, CTEV, Ca Stomach, Anaemia Complicating Pregnancy !!! If you've got followed a similar procedure whereas preparation, you'll notice this methodology simple.

What to not be done : Don’t skip any a part of the question by reading quick

What ?, How ?, What not to do Inside the exam hall for Statistics Questions(PSM)

Write the details on the rough sheet and work consistently. If you recognize an alternate manner of operating that specific problem attempt that also and check whether the solutions tally.

What to not be done : Don’t do mental calculations

What ?, How ?, What not to do during the after the exam

Relax ! Try to recollect the questions. It is better if you do it as a group.

Work out the answers. Try to find out how much you might score. Wait for the result !!!

What not to be done : Don’t try argue over few questions that might be ambiguous
Hope this helps you out. Since this is your first step to the pre pg preparation, chalk it out well, know what is right for you and give your hundred percent.

Remember, It is the first step that is difficult and it is the first step that requires courage but it is the first step that takes you ahead of all others competing with you in the race.

The road will get easier as you trudge forth so give your best now and the best for you will come up to you soon.

All the Best!

Luck is a matter of preparation meeting opportunity.
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