HOW TO PREPARE FOR PRE-MEDICAL EXAMS:-
If you are preparing for pre-medical exams then this is your responsibility to make your concepts crystal clear because all these exams just don't rely on recognising text materials but they want you to distinguish even between a correct and nearly correct statement in some questions.
Pay special attention to distinguish between simple facts and ideas. Mostly questions asked in molecular biology , biotechnology , mechanics , electrostatics , magnetism , electrochemistry etc. are based on the application of concepts that you will learn in these chapters .
Try to learn more by using various techniques such as YouTube / videos , audiobooks , live discussion with friends , E-books etc. Most researches concludes that a student can learn better by listening and watching a particular thing as compared to reading textbooks.
Choose appropriate material for your studies . Consider NCERT books as the BIBLE and take one book as a resource material or supplement material to make better grasp on a particular topic.
Practice a lot :- practice makes a man perfect so do practice a lot of questions from various objective books available in the market to increase your performance level.We have prepared a list of most provable questions which you can expect in AIIMS OR NEET in all our Aim4aiims study materials
Give proper time to revision :- revision is the most essential element of your preparation . You should revise the whole syllabi several times before exam so that you will be able to recognise each and every statement in the examination.AIM4AIIMS team will be preparing "Instant 30 days for NEET" for PCB during next year Jan to help aspirants in their last moment revisions
Past year papers :- solving past year papers gives you an idea about how the exam is going to be . You have to solve past year papers to note down the frequently asked questions which will give you an idea about the most important chapters as well as the most important chapters and this thing will help you to emphasise more on those regions.
By solving past year papers you will observe that some of the questions will also get repeated and that can be a plus point for you all. So solving past year papers is very important.
Team Aim4AIIMS have already published 30 years solved chapterwise subject wise NEET /AIPMT papers with explanations and references for all questions.
Mock tests :- since many students have exam phobia and they get nervous during exam . This thing will lead to bad performance due to negative marking . So it's very important to reduce this phobia which can only be done via practicing a lot of questions and giving mock tests. Mock tests are generally of the same level as pre medical exams so you will get an overview of exam as well as when you solve a paper in the examination atmosphere , it will train you to perform well in the final examination.
The free Demo tests can be availed from test.aim4aiims.com
There is no hidden formula to get success . Consistency , hard work and a final perfect shot in examination is more than enough to make a way to your dream medical college .
HOW TO GET ALL QUESTIONS RIGHT : SOME TIPS AND HACKS FOR OBJECTIVES AND ASSERTION-REASON QUESTIONS :-
Do MCQ's first :- when your paper is supplied with different type of questions as in AIIMS , then firstly prefer MCQ's to be solved. Solving MCQ's will warm you up and it will also help you more to solve assertion-reason question easily because there are always some ideas and facts embedded in each MCQ.
An exclusive book to consolidate the concepts of assertion and reasons for AIIMS has already been published by Aim4AIIMS team and currently it is the best seller in the market because of the lucid presentation and 90% strike rate in AIIMS EXAMS
Read the directions carefully :- If you are solving a particular question then read the directions first that what is actually asked. Sometimes you have to mark the CORRECT statement and sometimes the INCORRECT one . Sometimes you have been asked which of the following is NOT correct , so you have to emphasise on word NOT and then you have to look the given options.
Solving the future trend questions section in Dr Ajay Mohan's Aim4AIIMS book will.help.you practise probable AIIMS QUESTIONS
Solving a problem:- when you are in the examination hall then confidently mark the answers that you know . In case of ambiguity or confusion mark '?' or some specific mark on that question and move on . After giving all correct answers come back to the question and read it again , if answer strikes then we'll and good but if not then either leave it (NEET-1/4th negative marking , AIIMS-1/3rd negative marking) or make a guess ( No negative marking in JIPMER and in these exams guess is always a better option than a blank ) .
Elimination techniques:- if you don't know the correct answer then try to eliminate the incorrect ones. This will lead you to the right option. Sometimes you have to eliminate the options by common sense but in some questions you will require a good command on that topic.
Grammatical checking :- some options will not be in accordance with the stem question so you can eliminate a particular option by comparing the stem and the option grammatically or you may recognise by reading the question and options as a whole so that you may check whether it is going correct or not.
Some researches proves that this tip alone work better to score more in objective exams.
Multiple select questions :- In many questions you will be asked to analyse all the statements and answer whether how many of them are correct or incorrect.
In case of option "all of the above" and "none of the above" , you can easily eliminate these options by finding a single contradictory statement . So these type of questions can be easily done .
Note negatives:- if a negative word such as "none" , "not" , "never" or "neither" occurs in the question ,then know that the correct alternative must be a fact or absolute and that the other alternatives could be true statements , but not the correct answer.
Note superlatives:- words such as "every" , "all" , "none" , "always" and "only" are superlatives that indicate the correct answer must be an undisputed fact .
Note qualifying words :- "usually" , "often" , "generally" , "may" and "seldom" are qualifiers that could indicate a true statement.
Destroy the myth :- changing in answer is good as well as bad . If you have a good reason to change your answer then go for it , but if you are just changing the answer as a result of myth or guess then you will be wrong. Researches explains that many students changed their answers from right to wrong when they change it in case of myth. So be sure before changing your answer , this will help you to avoid excessive negative markings .
WHICH BOOKS TO STUDY FOR NEET AND AIIMS:-
If you will check in the market then you will find that there are thousands of books for a particular subject for a particular competition . This thing makes it a little bit difficult to choose the right material .
The first and the best books are NCERT which doesn't have any alternative .
For refreshers in biology you can refer to Elementary Biology by Trueman's publication which contains all important concepts for pre medical entrances. But this is quite bulky book so you may opt Aim4AIIMS & NEET publication books which are in concise manner and the best part is that these books are written by AIIMS and NEET All India Toppers . So Aim4AIIMS books are going to be very valuable for you all.
In physics you can choose pradeeps or dinesh but they have irrelevant information in them so you can also go for objective DC PANDEY for NEET and AIIMS or Aim4AIIMS books for physics as well. Aim4AIIMS have published several books for pre medical entrances with very good stuff in very easy and student friendly language.
For chemistry you can choose Objective GRB for NEET and AIIMS or you may purchase Aim4AIIMS books , Dinesh or pradeeps publication books.
In objective books series you may follow bulky books having large no. of questions but only when you have ample time such as Dinesh objective and pradeeps objective for physics , chemistry and biology .
If you want sure shot questions then you may go for objective DC PANDEY for physics , GRB publication for chemistry and biology or NCERT @ your fingertips by MTG publications / NCERT GEAR UP by team Aim4AIIMS
For ASSERTION-REASON QUESTIONS you can purchase Aim4AIIMS assertion reason book or MTG publications assertion reason book for AIIMS.
So you have to read NCERT + one refresher + solve objective book + past year papers + mock tests in each subject for peak performance.
Aim4AIIMS books are having very concise data and all what you need to crack NEET and AIIMS. So just go for these books to increase your marks in pre medical exams.
IMPORTANCE OF EXAMPLES : HOW TO CRAM SOME POINTS :- In pre-medical exams there are some sections in which the questions that are asked are totally memory based and generally examples are asked in some sections such as biological classification , plant kingdom , animal kingdom , morphology of flowering plants( inflorescence, type of ovaries , placentation etc.) , examples of tissues , joints , IUDs , biomolecules , monoecious organisms , dioecious organisms , organisms having persistent endosperm, gene interactions , homologous organs , analogous organs , diseases or examples related to ecology .
So examples makes many questions in pre medical entrances and these examples and cramming stuff can't be neglected .
You can learn NCERT examples only for NEET and AIIMS . This elimination of irrelevant examples given in refresher will help you a lot to emphasise on NCERT examples only.
So to learn them you can make some of your tricks , you can memorise then several times , you will get many videos of tricks on YouTube and on Google as well because there are many blogs which posts such kind of things , so these things can help you to cram examples which are imp from examination point of view.
HOW TO REVISE AND HOW MANY TIMES TO REVISE ?
I am going to share my personal formula to revise a particular thing . I use to make a sheet on which I write the name of topics that I've read on a particular date . After reading that topic I use to revise that topic NEXT DAY , before proceeding to the next topic . The i use to revise that topic after ONE WEEK and after ONE MONTH. We know very well that learning a thing 3-4 times will be very beneficial but the time duration between two revision days also matters . It is a fact that we can retain only 20-25% of a thing that we don't revise after one month. So this method of revising a topic after one day , one week and one month is quite beneficial to retain important information. You may also revise that topic before exam so that answer of a particular question will rapidly strike to your brain .
DO OR DIE TOPICS IN BIOLOGY ?
1) The living word :- characteristics of living organisms , taxonomical aids .
2) Biological classification :- examples of Monera , bacterial cell wall , bacterial diseases and their adaptations , fungi examples and differences between various classes of fungi , cheif producers of ocean , dinoflagellates .
3) Plant kingdom :-examples of all classes , bryophyte details , pteridophytes details , living fossils , alternation of generation.
4) Animal kingdom:- examples of all phylums and basic differences between them , various body plans , symmetry and coeloms.
5) Morphology of flowering plants:- examples of ovaries , aestivation , inflorescence and all other examples.
6) Anatomy of plant :- all important plant tissues and meristems , secondary growth , xylem phloem and their components .
7) Structural organisation :- examples and types of tissues and cockroach physiology .
8) Genetics :- pedigree chart , chromosomal abnormalities , sex determination , transcription , translation , replication , lac operon .
9) Cell :- all figures , mitochondria , lysosome , golgi body , endoplasmic reticulum.
10) Cell cycle :- meiosis is important , duration and sequence of various phases .
11) Plant growth and development :- all 5 plant hormones , verbalization.
12) Mineral nutrition :- deficiency and benefits of nutrients , all nutrients must be covered but most important ones are Ca , N, K , B , Fe ,Mn , nitrogen cycle and examples of all organisms required at different steps.
13) Photosynthesis:- C3 and C4 cycle , electron transport , light and dark reactions , structure of chloroplast , ATP & NADPH sheet.
14) Transport in plants :- plasmolysis , osmosis , water potential , phloem transport .
15) Sexual reproduction :- pollination and seed formation with ploidy level , triple fusion .
In humans :- structure of sperms , menstrual cycle , ovarian hormones , contraception , gametogenesis.
16) Digestion:- role of every part and enzymes synthesized by them , source and functions of these enzymes , disorders .
17) Chemical control and coordination :- all hormones , their glands , functions and disorders due to their low or high secretions.
18) Respiration :- muscles involved in expiration and inspiration , lung air volumes and capacities , mechanism of breathing .
19) Circulation :- QRS complex , oxygen haemoglobin dissociation curve , heart sounds , ECG.
20) Excretion :- urine formation , micturition , counter current mechanism.
21) Neural control and coordination :- different functions of forebrain , midbrain and hindbrain , sensory organs , nerve impulses - origin and conduction .
22) Locomotion and movement :- cranium , ear ossicles , facial bones , hyoid bone , girdles , joints ( all types with examples) , zones of a muscle and muscular proteins .
23) Evolution:- use NCERT to learn cranial capacities , adaptive radiation , analogous and homologous organs , evolution of man .
24) Human health and disease :- various drugs , diseases , AIDS , cancer , antibodies .
25) Organisms and population :- various types of forests , population graphs , population growth curves ,regulation of body.
26) Ecosystem :- pyramids of biomass , food chain and percent energy flow .
27) Biodiversity:- In situ , ex situ conservation , species area relationship , basic knowledge of species found in an area according to NCERT .
28) Microbes in human welfare :- all products and processes derived by microbes with their name , sewage treatment .
29) Strategies of enhancement in food production and animal husbandry :- examples of all the plants formed from genetic engineering for resistance, animal husbandry , MOET .
30) Biomolecules :- basic structures of
micromolecules , polymerisation , functions , enzymes function , regulation and inhibition .
31) Biotechnology :- genetic engineering , PCR , electrophoresis , applications of biotech , Bt cotton , biopiracy .
HOW TO MAKE A GUESS WHEN YOU DON'T KNOW THE ANSWER :-
Step by step mantra used by AIIMS TOPPERS
-Read the directions carefully.
-Know whether you must mark the one best correct answer or all correct answers as in case of "all of the above".
-Know whether a guess is going to give you more points than a blank answer or not. If you are in a safe zone of marks then don't take risk , but the students at margin and some who don't know anything can take a risk for some guesses.
-Read the main question (the question itself as opposed to its options) all the way through ,then read each possible answer all the way through . This will give you an hint about the answer.
-Use the options themselves to provide you with hints about things you don't know.
-If you are uncertain of correct answer , cross out the options you know are definitely wrong , then compare the remaining ones .
-Circle all the negative words and "100% words" within the question and options . 100% words are those which don't allow for exceptions such as "all".
-"All of the above" answers are often correct . If you know two or three options are correct , "all of the above" is a strong possibility.
-If you are not sure about the number answer in numericals , toss out the high and low and consider the middle range number.
-Never change the pre marked option without any strong reason to change it.
HOW TO MANAGE TIME IN EXAM :-
In most exams there will be 1 minute time for each question ( 180 questions in 180 minutes in NEET ) so you have to be quick as well as perfect .
Firstly attempt the section in which you are most confident and attempt all the question in which you are sure enough . Mark the questions in which you are puzzled with specific symbol and the questions that you don't know for sure with another mark ( this will save time because we sometimes read same questions several times , so it will prevent wastage of time).
Then switch to another subject and repeat the same cycle and so on. After doing all correct questions , come to the marked questions and give them time for understanding them , probably you will get your answers for some questions . Mark the rest ones for guesses. Now all the remaining questions are those which you don't know , so if you think that guessing will be a good deal then make a smart choice and make logical guesses or just use the discussed hacks to guess the answers.
Aim4AIIMS test series questions are prepared 2-3 times above the ncert /neet /aiims level so as to give you the feel of pressure during exams and to make you acclimatized to that without any interference in your peak per.If you are able to solve 160-170 questions of Aim4AIIMS TEST series ,then you can confidently attempt 100% above average AIIMS OR NEET PAPERS
Doing best subject first will boost your confidence and marking questions will reduce time wastage.
HOW TO MAKE NOTES FOR LAST MINUTE REVISION:- Assume that you are reading Photosynthesis , so mostly students will be knowing the definition that it is a physicochemical process that occurs in chloroplast to convert light energy into chemical energy and so on. Since we all know these basic things so you don't have to write them down . Just make some important cycles on pages and try to write all important stuff on diagrams and cycles so that you can relate things easily.
Try to avoid excessive use of language because this will make your notes bulky and you will not be able to revise them before examination .
Aim4AIIMS will be publishing Concept Maps for Physics ,Chemistry and Biology to increase your retention power and to reduce the revision time.
Make notes on sheets which are easy to carry so that you can learn them anywhere , this will make the revision process easier. Making short notes of important points charts , cycles , tables will suppliment your revision and this will increase your performance .
For more queries ,you can visit our website www.aim4aiims.in
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Author of this Great Time Consuming Article-
Mr.Vipin Kumar Sharma
Mentor (Aim4AIIMS & Vipin Sharma Biology Tutorials)
Director Aim4AIIMS & Altis Vortex Publishers
Editor & Author (Altis Vortex Publishers)
Team Aim4AIIMS & all the medical aspirants thank Mr.Vipin for this resourceful article which is surely going to guide lakhs of aspirants achieve their dream